Happy Birthday Giorgio de Chirico!! Born in 1888, de Chirico was born inGreece to Italian parents. With Marc Chagall, de Chirico is know as a precursor to Surrealism, a painter emphasizing the dream-world. He trained in Munich and became acquainted with Symbolists and in the philosophy of Nietzche. He tried to express the deeper reality of the world in his early work. Later, abandoning this concept, he began to use a metaphysical approach to his work, still using the dream as his vehicle. He wrote a couple of books as well as designed scenery and costumes for the ballet. This painting is called Piazza d'Italia.