Happy Birthday Elsa Schiaparelli!! Born in 1890, Schiaparelli was an Italian fashion designer. Her mother was an aristocrat and her father a scholar, the dean of the University of Rome. She enjoyed a luxurious upbringing which she anxiously escaped when able, moving to New York, then Paris. In Paris she designed her clothing, gradually expanding to open her own shop. She was greatly influenced by Dada and Surrealist artists, collaborating on various designs and projects. Her fame rivaled that of Coco Chanel.