Happy Birthday Bartolommeo Cristofori!! Italian piano maker, Cristofori was born in 1655. Although it has been speculated that he helped create various instruments such as the cello and the double bass but he has been credited with inventing the piano around 1700. It is said that after being appointed caretaker of the Florentine court's musical instruments he created the first pianoforte (piano). He continued to make revisions and improvements on his instrument. Three of his pianos still survive, one in New York at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, one in Rome and the last in Leipzig.